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Persuasive Writing Lesson Inspired by Comparison/Contrast 

Written by Karen Hintz

This Activity Title: Three Voice “The Three Billy Goats Gruff”.

Three- Sentence Lesson Overview:

After reading The Three Billy Goats Gruff by Paul Galdone, students will write three passages about the same items from the text from different perspectives.  The other lesson’s trait skills us the book The Three Billy Goats Gruff will focus on the writing skill of idea development with an emphasis on persuading the story. The student will select a unique topic to write about, so they can convey their voice in their writing by using strong word choice.

Using the Mentor Text Skillfully:

Bring up the subject of school uniforms as a possibility for next years dress code. Take a count of how many students are for school uniforms and how many are not for school uniforms. Have the students share their viewpoints from different sides.  Write on the board using categories on how is for uniforms and who is against it.  Reinforce that people have different view points for different reasons being perspective, passion (about jeans), and their voice/style (individuality). 

The Three Billy Goats Gruff,  is a classic picture book about persuasive writing using different points of views and reasons behind picking those choices.  Pre-teach the vocabulary on the board using the words: gruff (three goats), Trip, Trap, Trip, Trap (as onamonopea), tramping.

Next, have the students look at the cover and predict what will happen in the story.  Then begin reading the book aloud to the class point out persuasive parts of the text and what makes them persuasive: Voice, Style, Perspective, and Passion.   Compare and Contrast the different points of views on a graphic organizer. 

Say, “Three different people could look at the same item and have three very different opinions about that idea.” In our book the different perspectives comes from the goats and the troll.  Today, I want to you to think about the characters and situations where they could have different points of views. 

Here are some ideas for characters and situations or they can make up their own.

Milkman, unicorn, police officer, waitress, doctor, store clerk

Money, laws, food, opinions, customer service

Student and or Teacher models of Writing: Use examples from the board created in the beginning of the lesson to write paragraphs from different points of views. Use chart paper so that it maybe easily references. 

Students Talk and Process:

Model what this would look like using the paragraphs on chart paper. Pair up students have them exchange their ideas of character, setting, plot, and theme to ensure it seems coherent to their partners.  Once they have their character, setting, plot, and theme thought of the students will then start to assemble their filmstrip organizer to help clarify the idea development. After the filmstrip is strip organizer is filled out with changes from peer talking have them share one more time to ensure idea formations. Then have the students work together to compose their three perspective paragraphs.


Revision is Taught:

 Next, they will use post it notes peer review that are preprinted to rate the use of idea development. Then their peers will rate the rough draft the writer will go back and try to strength the writing in their weakest areas. After this the writer will begin the final draft.

Publishing Suggestions:

Students can make a PowerPoint presentation, brochure, two voice poem or a book.

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